Paush month is the 10th month according to the Hindu calendar.
Paush month is the 10th month according to the Hindu calendar. Worship-worship-worship of Lord Sun God has special significance in Paush month. Mythological beliefs are that if the Sun God is worshiped in the month of Paush, then the devotee gets health benefits along with 11 thousand Rashmis. By worshiping and worshiping the Sun God in this pious holy month, the attainment of the desired result becomes possible for a person. It is very cold in this month, that is why it is said that donating warm clothes in this month is considered a virtue.
Wearing red and yellow clothes in this month has special significance because red clothes are dear to the Sun God and yellow clothes are dear to Lord Vishnu. That is why the worship of Lord Vishnu and Sun God in this month is considered very beneficial. In the month of Paush, by filling water in a copper vessel and mixing red sandalwood and red flowers in it, offering Arghya to the Sun God by chanting the holy mantra ‘Om Shri Surya Devaya Namah’ with that water is considered to be of special importance. Fasting of fruits in this month has special significance. Consumption of salt is considered taboo on the day of fast and offering sesame and khichdi to the Sun God is considered of special importance. According to the Hindu calendar, on the full moon day of the month, the name of that month is named after connecting to the same constellation in which the Moon is. In the month of Paush, the Moon is situated in Pushya Nakshatra on the full moon day. That is why this month is called Paush month, in the local language it is also called the month of Pus.
Uttarakhand and Sun Temple
In Uttarakhand, the temples of the very ancient Lord Surya are located in different areas, which have great importance from the mythological point of view. The old car of the Sun Temple of Katarmal in Almora district in the Kumaon division of Uttarakhand is considered to be of great importance from a spiritual point of view. People of Kumaon also call this ancient temple of Sun God by the name of Baraditya. This very ancient temple is considered to be very similar in its architectural craft to the Sun Temple of Konark. This temple has been given the name of Baraditya because of its huge size. Like the Sun Temple at Konark, Odisha, this temple is constructed in the same style that the first rays of the Sun directly enter its sanctum.
The idol of Lord Surya in this temple is seated in Asanamudra. Such sculptures are considered very rare. Suryakund is established in the south direction of this temple. In this Suryakund, there was once an idol of Lord Narayan, sitting on the Shesha Shaiya, which was later installed in the sanctum sanctorum from Suryakund. With the water of this ancient Suryakund, the idol of Adityadev located in the sanctum sanctorum of the temple is worshiped daily with Vedic rituals. Famous for its architecture, this Sun Temple was built in the ninth century. In this temple complex, 54 very ancient temples of different sizes and forms are established, in the middle of which this temple of Lord Sun God is situated. By the way, a series of very ancient sun temples are established in different places in Uttarakhand.
Among the ancient Sun temples of this Devbhoomi, the Bhanu temple of Paleti of Garhwal Mandal has also been considered of special importance from the architectural and religious point of view. It was built in the seventh century. This temple is situated on the banks of the holy Bhagirathi river near Hindolakhal in Tehri district of Garhwal division. Apart from these Sun Temples, Gunaditya Sun Temple located in Palo village of Dhaula Devi development block near Kaflikhan on Almora-Pithoragarh road of Kumaon Mandal is also very famous for its Ashtadhatu Sun idol. This rare statue was stolen in 1982, it was later discovered and at present this statue is kept in the museum of Almora for security.
Importance of bathing in the confluence of Ganga and rivers
Bathing in the confluence of the Ganges and rivers has special significance in the month of Paush. Bathing at the confluence of Bhagirathi river and Alaknanda river at Devprayag in Tehri district has special significance on the day of Makar Sankranti. A huge fair of Makar Sankranti is held at this confluence. It was from this Devprayag that the Ganges emerged from the meeting of the Bhagirathi and Alaknanda rivers. From here the meeting of the two rivers was named Ganga, which from here merges into the Gangasagar of West Bengal via Rishikesh, Haridwar, Prayagraj and Kashi. A huge fair of Makar Sankranti is also held in Gangasagar. Makar Sankranti of Paush month is considered to be of utmost importance for bathing in the Ganges. The black crow festival is celebrated in the mountainous regions of the Kumaon division of Uttarakhand on the day after Makar Sankranti. For the longevity and healthy life of young children, sugars are made which are fed to crows.